Exploring Ikat Fabrics: Why Is It So Attractive?

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Update time : 2023-06-01 15:57:34

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What is ikat fabric?
What is ikat fabric?

Ikat Fabric is a fabric in which a bundle of threads is systematically tied and dyed by hand in certain parts, and after dyeing, the Ikat knots are disassembled and turned into different colored Ikat threads, and the Ikat threads are adjusted according to the original design to form the Ikat fabric.

It was originally the Malay name for the tied and dyed fabric, but later this name was accepted internationally, and ikat not only represents this type of fabric but also represents the weaving technique of tying and dyeing the pattern first and then finishing the warp to the flower.

Ikat is called in different regions.

Ikat Fabric is called "絣織"("絣织") in Chinese, and the pinyin is 「bēng zhī」.

Ikat Fabric is pronounced 「kasuri」 in Japanese.

Ikat Fabric is called “Asab” in Arabic.

Ikat Fabric is called "Patola" in North India.

Ikat Fabric is called "Endek" and "Gerinsing" in Bali, Indonesia.

What is the history of ikat fabric?

The term "ikat" has Indonesian and Malay origin, and it was introduced into European textile vocabulary back in the early 20th century, when Dutch scholars begin to study the rich textile traditions of the Dutch East Indies archipelago (present-day Indonesia).

Some parts of Asia demonstrate strong ikat traditions which suggest its possible origin; whether they are Maritime Southeast Asia (Dutch East Indies archipelago), the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. However, it probably developed in several different locations independently.

Uyghurs call it atlas (IPA [ɛtlɛs]) and use it only for woman's clothing. The historical record indicates that there were 27 types of atlas during Qing Chinese occupation. Now there are only four types of Uyghur atlas remaining: qara-atlas, a black ikat used for older women's clothing; khoja'e-atlas, a yellow, blue, or purple ikat used for married women; qizil-atlas, a red ikat used for girls; and Yarkent-atlas, a khan or royal atlas.

Yarkent-atlas has more diverse styles; during the Yarkent Khanate (1514–1705), there were ten different styles of Yarkent-atlas.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikat#History

Where does ikat fabric originate?

Ikat was invented in India and is prevalent in India, the South Seas, the South Central Peninsula, and Japan.

What are the three types of ikat?

There are three types of Ikat fabrics: warp ikat, weft ikat, and warp ikat.
1. The first type is "Warp Ikat", which is a warp-dyed pattern.
This style of yarn is the only yarn dyed by the ikat method. The warp yarn is wound on the loom and its unique pattern is clearly visible even before the weft yarn is woven in. This type is produced in Indonesia, especially in Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Kalimantan.

2. The second type is "Weft Ikat" in which the weft yarn is tied and dyed with a pattern.
Weft yarns pass dyed patterns by weaving. These weft yarns are usually dyed in solid colors. In this style, a distinct ikat pattern appears only at the beginning of weaving. This style of weaving takes a considerable amount of time, as the weft yarn needs to be closely adjusted after each pass through the shuttle to ensure the integrity of the entire weave.

3. The third type is "Double Ikat" in which both warp and weft yarns are tied and dyed.
Both weft and warp yarns are dyed before weaving. This extra time involved means that it is also the most expensive to make. So far, only three countries in the world produce this technique, namely Indonesia, Japan, and India.

4. Rarely, there is a fourth type of "Pasapalli Ikat".
This method comes from Odisha, in eastern India. The etymological part of "Pasapalli" is Pasa, which refers to a board game with four different parts. The Ikat is made of this material and each one has the beauty of a lattice.

How is ikat fabric made?

Ikat fabrics are divided into three types: warp Ikat, weft Ikat and warp-weft Ikat.

Weaving techniques are divided into two categories: "Hand-knotted Ikat" and "Drawing Ikat".

Hand-knotted ikat is represented by Okinawa's ikat fabrics, where the original ikat pattern has the same anti-dyeing part, but the ends of the bundle of ikat threads are left staggered, and the pattern is adjusted up and down to create numerous geometric variations of the ikat pattern.

In the case of Ikat weaving, the semi-ikat and seed threads are used to draw the Ikat pattern, and then the seed threads are tied in bundles to prevent dyeing and weaving.
This technique is usually used to express the very small cross and Kamehameha inscriptions. Ikat weaving techniques can be found all over Japan, and the Okinawa Islands are the most representative of the various traditional ikat techniques, with a wide variety of subject matter.

Ikat weaving technology is said to have originated in India, but Ikat fabrics are also common in traditional costumes in Southeast Asia and the Indonesian archipelago, especially the traditional Indonesian Ikat fabric called "Ikat", which is characterized by its complex animal patterns and rich colors.

Basic ikat weaving techniques.

1. Wrap the dyeing thread on the frame;

2. Tie the thread to prevent dyeing as required by the pattern;

3. Finish the dyeing line of the tie flower;

4. Partial application of dyeing brush;

5. Disassemble the threads;

6. Drying the threads and weaving them on the machine;

7. Finished weaving of various kinds of ikat fabrics;

The woven fabrics made by this technique are considered to be noble, and the wearing of ikat is considered to have sacred power.

From birth to death, the ikat has its own style and expression in each stage of life rituals. The finished product is similar to the broccoli kapu of the Tujia family in China.

What is ikat fabric used for?

What is ikat fabric used for

Ikat is a common cotton fabric texture that has a wide range of uses, the following are some common uses:

1. Clothing

Ikat fabrics are commonly used to make a variety of garments such as shirts, skirts, pants, jackets, and more. They are very popular because their texture and texture can add unique style and visual effects to garments.

2. Home Decoration

Ikat fabrics are also widely used in home decoration, such as curtains, sofa covers, tablecloths, carpets, and so on. Their rich textures and colors can add layers and warmth to the home environment.

3. Accessories

Besides clothing and home decoration, Ikat fabrics can also be used to make various accessories, such as scarves, gloves, hats, bags, and so on. These accessories can add flair to your entire outfit and make you stand out in the crowd.

4. Crafts

Ikat fabrics are also widely used to make various crafts such as tapestries, embroideries, fabric ornaments, and so on. These crafts often have a unique sense of craftsmanship and culture and are perfect for decorating your home or as gifts for others.

5. Other Uses

Besides the above, Ikat fabrics can also be used to make other items such as handkerchiefs, masks, shawls, and so on. All these items are practical and aesthetically pleasing, perfect for everyday use.

All in all, Ikat fabrics are very versatile due to their rich textures and textures, and it is a very popular cotton fabric texture.

What is the difference between batik and ikat?

Batik and ikat are both common textile dyeing techniques, but there are significant differences between them. Here are the specific differences between them.

1. Batik

Batik is an ancient dyeing technique that creates unique patterns and designs by applying wax to a fabric and then soaking it in the dye so that the wax-coated part is unaffected by the dye. Batik can use different colors of dyes and different wax application techniques to achieve a wide variety of effects. Batik can be applied to a variety of fabrics, such as cotton, silk, and wool fabrics. Batik is durable and stable, so it is often used for textile decoration and artistic design.

2. Ikat

Ikat is a South American dyeing technique that uses natural plant dyes and hand-woven wool to create fabrics with unique patterns and colors. Ikat fabrics are often considered a cultural heritage because their designs can reflect the patterns and colors of local cultures and traditions. The dyes used in Ikat fabrics come from natural plants such as blueberry, acacia and garcinia, which create very vibrant colors in the fabric. Ikat fabrics are usually hand-woven, so each fabric is unique.

3. Differences

The main difference between batik and ikat lies in their dyes and dyeing techniques. Batik uses artificial dyes and wax application techniques, while ikat uses natural vegetable dyes and hand-weaving techniques. Batik can be applied to a variety of fabrics, while ikat is usually used for wool fabrics. Batik allows for a wide variety of patterns and designs, while ikat is more concerned with the expression of color and texture. In addition, both batik and ikat are textile dyeing techniques with cultural and historical backgrounds, and they both have artistic and cultural value.

What is ikat fabric pattern?

What is ikat fabric pattern?

Ikat is a dyeing method used for patterning textiles. It uses another technique called resist dyeing on the yarn before the fabric is dyed and woven. One of the most striking and impressive aesthetics surrounding this Ikat pattern is the ambiguity of the design itself, which is why it is so sought after by textile collectors.

How to paint fabric ikat style?

It is vital to understand the technical skills required to create these patterns and fabrics. In dyeing methods, resist refers to the method of preventing the dye from reaching specific areas of the fabric to create specific patterns and textures. This resist is applied by using bundles of yarns or individual yarns tied together, wrapped strongly, and then applied to the yarn to achieve the desired pattern.

These yarns are then dyed on top of each other. In some cases, these bundles of yarns may be altered to achieve new patterns before the yarns are dyed a different color. Craftsmans repeat this method countless times to achieve the unparalleled multicolor texture that is the famous brocade pattern. When the dyeing is complete, all the bindings are removed as the yarn is woven into the cloth.

Nowadays, there are also other dyeing methods involving this resist technique.

With batik (wax resist dyeing, applied to the whole cloth) and tie-dye (a 1960s term referring to the ancient resist dyeing method), the resist is applied directly to the woven cloth. In contrast, in Ikat, the resist is applied directly to the yarn before it is woven into the cloth.

It is important to remember that in any design, the surface of both fabrics will be coated with dye, as the decorative art on the surface is created on the yarn, not on the finished fabric.


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